It is easy to get confused with all the contraception or birth control options available. Condom, one of the safest method, not just prevents pregnancy but also protects from STDs. What if condom tears? What are the other methods, beyond an emergency pill?
- Permanent contraception, sterilization of male and female
- Barriers – condoms, diaphragms, cervical cap
- Reversible contraception, long acting
- Hormonal contraception
- Emergency contraception
- Withdrawal method
- Awareness about fertility
Permanent contraception – Surgical procedure
It is the surgical birth control method which focuses on sterilization of men and women.
- Vasectomy for male (this is reversible procedure)
- Tubal ligation for female (this is irreversible procedure)
It permanently prevents pregnancy and is performed in both men and women.
Barriers stops sperm entering into the uterus. Condoms are the most popular contraception methods known. Others include,
- Diaphragm – A dome shaped rubber cap inserted high into the vagina. It is soft, supple, thin comes with flexible rim. It should always be used with spermicidal jelly. (which is placed inside the dome). However, the diaphragm should be coated with the spermicide every time you use.
- Cervical cap – It is similar to diaphragm, comes in shape of the latex cup. It is a silicone cup and cover the cervix, creating a barrier to the uterus.
Reversible long action contraception
Many contraceptive methods come as a deal breaker to the sexually active couples. These methods are extremely effective but do not protect from STDs/STIs. Use it for weeks, months and even a few years, get rid of it when you plan for a baby.
Implants are relatively new in India. To know what is the best contraception method, you have to talk your gynecologist.
It’s quite a popular method of birth control, which tweaks your hormones and prevents fertilization.
- Birth control pills – taken daily to prevent pregnancy. Need a prescription from a doctor. Missing one or two pills may lead to pregnancy.
- Emergency contraceptive and should not be consumed for more than twice a month.
- Progestogen pills – To prevent fertilization
Emergency contraception methods
Also called as post-coital contraception, refers to a form of birth control to prevent the pregnancy that is likely to happen after an unprotected sex or when other birth control methods failed to give the intended protection.
Emergency contraception methods include
- Oral contraceptive pills within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. (A prescription is required.)
- Yuzpe method – When a woman regularly uses the birth control pills to prevent pregnancy, this method is prescribed. By combining the pills with hormonal supplements (estrogen and progestin), pregnancy can be prevented.
1st dose within 72 hours of intercourse and 2nd dose 12 hours later
When you can use the emergency contraception methods?
- Unprotected sex
- Missed taking the regular birth control pills
- When condom breaks, tears, damages or dislodged
- Any damage to intra uterine devices
- Fail to withdraw before ejaculation
For a pregnant women, the above mentioned emergency methods should NOT be used.
Also called as pull-out method, it is a spontaneous act where man pulls out the penis from vagina before he ejaculates. It needs a great sense of self control, consciousness and of course experience.
Awareness about fertility
Well, this is typically the natural contraceptive that has no harm (except for STDs). Based on the body signs, number days after menstruation, and the ovulation period, the fertility period is assessed. The second phase of ovulation period (9 to 18 days after menstruation) increases the chances of getting pregnant.
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Yet it only works if women has the regular cycle and completely aware about the body.
Choosing the right contraception method becomes very crucial for sexually active couples and men and women with sex partners, which literally can avoid too many complications.